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Non-wood forest products (NWFPs) have often-underestimated economic potential, particularly for family forest owners. Their role and value, however, is changing in the global West and so are the business opportunities and innovation needs associated with them.

This article explored varying preferable utilisation patterns of wood product industries' by-products, and which actions are needed to implement them.
Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals comprehensively addresses the SDGs in an integrated way. This article is a chapter in it.
This study estimates the value per hectare of the Arasbaran deciduous forest based on returns from 17 fruit-providing species and mapping their economic value.
Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals comprehensively addresses the SDGs in an integrated way. This article is a chapter in it.

Although nature protection has recently gained significant importance in German state-owned forests, there is still a controversy between forest management and nature conservationists about the implications of these changes.

Forest research in the Mediterranean region is handicapped by its fragmentation, its limited means, and occasional outdating and isolation. In addition, the low benefits that Mediterranean forests provide to forest-based industries - compared to other European forests - make it difficult to attract interest and funds from the private sector.

Over the last decade, the term social innovation has received increasing attention as a means to address complex global social problems and to add collective values. In earlier innovation research, the term “institutional innovation” was introduced to denote institutional efforts and the role of institutions in successful innovations.

Very recently, social innovation has become a subject of investigation in forest research. Earlier on, social innovation turned into a term used in EU policy strategies for addressing social issues and the self-empowerment of local people, as well as for tackling economic, social, or environmental challenges.

Natural regeneration has been proposed as a cost-effective forest restoration approach for both small and large-scale initiatives. However, attributes for assessing the success of forest restoration through natural regeneration may vary among them in spatial patterns depending on the scale of analysis and on environmental gradients.

This paper is an outlook of the renewed waste legislation in the EU, based on which it assesses the possible impacts of circular economy development on the future of wood modification.
Since the New York Declaration on Forests was adopted in 2014, progress on ending deforestation and restoring forestlands has not lived up to the high level of ambition enshrined in its ten goals.
This paper aims at identifying and evaluating barriers in adopting SFM practices in the context of forest carbon emission reductions.
Article concludes that the forest dialogues of these countries, within and between each other, were reinforced by participation in C&I for SFM processes, helping to bridge the gap between decision-makers, national forest agencies, academia and other forest-related stakeholders

The aim of this study is to help build a knowledge base for the review of the EU Forest Strategy that was adopted by the European Commission in 2013. The EU Forest Strategy addresses 8 priority areas that were identified as being particularly relevant for forests and the forest-based sector until 2020.

European forests are now heavily suffering from climate change. Latest reports state that mortality in spruce forests alone will amount to 100 million m³ this year. Furthermore, European forests face challenges with declining biodiversity, but also rising new demands in the so-called bio-economy.

Using the European Union as a case study for the implementation of SFM policy across multiple governance levels in different contexts, we discuss the benefits of adopting an integrated landscape approach with place and space, partnership and sustainability as three pillars

In the urbanizing society faced with the climate change challenge, wood has major potential as a low-carbon and renewable construction material. Yet, Wooden Multi-storey Construction (WMC) remains a niche even in countries with rich forest resources.

This paper discusses the advance in our understanding of the interaction between wind and trees over the last 25 years.

Forests play an increasing role in bioeconomy policies, providing the material for bio-based products. However, public opinion regarding forest management in Europe is contested, which is considered a potential drawback for the social license to operate for the forest-based sector.

The global resin market has undergone fundamental changes in the recent years. Resin production in Brazil has been increasing steadily since 2014, partly due to the sudden change in the trade balance in China, the main pine resin producing country.

Innovation ability and its implementation into practice are crucial for the success of enterprises in traditional sectors such as forestry and, in particular, in the context of countries with economies in transition.

Ukraine is traditionally deeply dependent on fossil and nuclear energy. However, in response to global climate and energy policies, a major shift towards renewable energy (RE) is presently underway.

This document provides specific concepts, definitions, tools and reference materials to help guide the development process of national Criteria and Indicator (C&I) sets for sustainable forest management (SFM) in the Caucasus and Central Asian countries of the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and Food and Agriculture Organization of