Forest ownership is changing in Europe. Reasons include recent institutional changes in Eastern Europe, changing lifestyles of non-agricultural owners and afforestation. At present, there is little comparative analysis across Europe, and the implications that these changes have for forest management and for the fulfilment and redefinition of policy objectives have not been addressed systematically.
A new paper describes the participatory approach that was used to define three cross-sectoral visions of sustainable land use in Europe in 2040. EFI Senior Researcher Hans Verkerk was one of the authors.
Agroforestry is a sustainable land management system recognized worldwide but not implemented in a extensive form in temperate and developed countries. Agroforestry has been promoted in the last decades at global level as it provides more efficient and sustainable farming systems.
Forest owners and managers are on the frontline of adapting forest management to climate change. Their decisions are affected by their own knowledge and beliefs and the mapping of management options for the current as well as anticipated future environmental and socioeconomic conditions. This baseline knowledge influences the way forest owners and managers evaluate and make their decisions.
Climate change will impact forests and may impair their ability to provide essential ecosystem services in the decades to come. Addressing this challenge requires adjustments to forest management strategies as of now, but it is still unclear to what extent this is already in progress.
Wood is a very versatile raw material and thus an important resource for many industries, such as construction, furniture, pulp and paper, bioenergy and biorefineries (new chemical products). Using wood is one of the safest ways to reduce the CO2 emissions that are the main cause of climate change.
In a context of highly fragmented woodland's ownership, joint forest management implies a reduction of transaction costs for its members and improves the coherence of forestry actions at the landscape scale.
Reforestation with multiple tree species is a promoted strategy to mitigate global change and to improve forest resistance against natural hazards. Dryland reforestation often fails because seedlings suffer from harsh conditions in degraded areas.
The bioeconomy has mobilised significant investments in technology, research and innovation. New and innovative bio-products and related services have emerged, and related niche markets show dynamic growth. The future of the bioeconomy, however, raises questions relating to its development potential, but also its sustainability.
A team of researchers from EFI and five of its member organisations has published a paper looking at the potential climate change mitigation effects of EU forests. European forests and the forest-based sector are already contributing significantly to climate change mitigation and substitution for fossil raw materials.
Small forest patches embedded in agricultural (and peri-urban) landscapes in Western Europe play a key role for biodiversity conservation with a recognised capacity of delivering a wide suite of ecosystem services. Measures aimed to preserve these patches should be both socially desirable and ecologically effective.
In the autumn of 2015, EFI’s Project Centre MOUNTFOR (Preserving and Enhancing the Multifunctionality of Mountain Forests) organised the 30th session of the European Forestry Commission Working Party on the Management of Mountain Watersheds.
Catastrophic forest fires claimed lives this summer across the world, from California to Portugal and Spain. The Mediterranean basin is a global wildfire hotspot and the threat of wildfires to forests and society is expected to increase with climate change.
The increasing diversity of non-industrial private forest owners (PFOs) in Europe has been recognized by policy makers and the forestry sector at large. Typologies of these owners have been developed to provide an understanding of the diversity of owners' attitudes, values, beliefs, management objectives and behaviour.
Forests are of crucial importance for Natura 2000, the EU-wide ecological network of protected areas. Nearly 25% of the total forest area in the EU is part of the network, but knowledge about how Natura 2000 is implemented in forests, and its effects on biodiversity, forest management and other land uses across the EU is fragmented.