Latest articles and publications


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The increasing diversity of non-industrial private forest owners (PFOs) in Europe has been recognized by policy makers and the forestry sector at large. Typologies of these owners have been developed to provide an understanding of the diversity of owners' attitudes, values, beliefs, management objectives and behaviour.

Forests are of crucial importance for Natura 2000, the EU-wide ecological network of protected areas. Nearly 25% of the total forest area in the EU is part of the network, but knowledge about how Natura 2000 is implemented in forests, and its effects on biodiversity, forest management and other land uses across the EU is fragmented.

In 2016, our work at the European Forest Institute focused on building the new EFI Strategy 2025 – together with our network.

A green, circular, bio-based economy could replace the current linear fossil fuel-based economic system that has underpinned the development of the past 200 years. In this new paradigm, forests and forest management have an important role to play. 

Many excellent results are obtained in agricultural and forestry research projects, but their practical adoption is often limited. The aim of the European project VALERIE is to increase the transfer and application of innovations produced by research in agriculture and forestry, by facilitating their integration into management practices.

Protection of natural or semi-natural ecosystems is an important part of societal strategies for maintaining biodiversity, ecosystem services, and achieving overall sustainable development.

A team of researchers from EFI, the University of Eastern Finland and the Lithuanian Forest Research institute has published a paper looking at whether the intensified use of wood can be combined with climate change mitigation measures to increase carbon sinks in the forest-based sector in Lithuania, and what are the possible socio-economic and

In the EU, the construction sector employs currently more than 12 million people and accounts for 42% of the total energy consumption as well as 35% of the total greenhouse gas emissions, when considering the whole lifecycle of buildings.

Successive afforestation programmes undertaken in Tunisia have doubled the forest surface area in the last 50 years. A choice experiment exercise was used to estimate the social welfare associated with a plantation programme in Tunisia. The application dealt with different environmental services, and access of local users to the forest.

Wild mushroom picking is a growing recreational and commercial activity. In Spain, wild mushrooms legally belong to the landowner, who seldom benefits from trade in mushrooms or from their recreational value.

Agricultural land abandonment is a policy challenge, especially for areas with unfavorable conditions for agriculture and remote and mountainous areas. Agricultural abandonment is an important land use process in many world regions and one of the dominant land use change processes in Europe.

In diffuse forest uses, like non-timber forest products' harvesting, the behavioural alignment of pickers is crucial for avoiding a “tragedy of the commons”. Moreover, the introduction of policy tools such as a harvest permit system may help in keeping the activity under control.

Download here the EVOLTREE book "Evolution of Trees and Forest Communities", published in order to mark EVOLTREE's 10th birthday.

Plausible scenarios of future land use derived from model projections may differ substantially from what is actually desired by society, and identifying such mismatches is important for identifying policies to resolve them.

The study presents an assessment of the spatial pattern of ecosystem services (ES) associations across Europe based on models of eleven ES and one dis-service, mapped at the extent of twenty-seven Member States of the European Union (EU27) on a 1 km2 grid.

The study estimates the social demand for key benefits provided by Aleppo pine forests in Catalonia that can be enhanced by management. These so-called externalities are the side effects of forest management on citizens’ welfare and can be either positive or negative.

Assessing changes in the extent and management intensity of land use is crucial to understanding land-system dynamics and their environmental and social outcomes. Yet, changes in the spatial patterns of land management intensity, and thus how they might relate to changes in the extent of land uses, remains unclear for many world regions.

The concept of social capital within the forest governance field encompasses networks, norms and values of local communities that determine cooperation and contribute to their development.

Assessments of land-system change have dominantly focused on conversions among broad land-use categories, whereas intensity changes within these categories have received less attention.

The study assesses the feasibility of a mechanism of payment for ecosystem services to improve the provision of ecosystem services by private forest owners.

Explorations of future land use change are important to understand potential conflicts between competing land uses, trade-offs associated with particular land change trajectories, and the effectiveness of policies to steer land systems into desirable states.

Assessments of ecosystem services (ES) and biodiversity provide a comprehensive view of the links between landscapes, ecosystem functioning and human well‐being.

Understanding patterns, dynamics, and drivers of land use is crucial for improving our ability to cope with sustainability challenges.

Climate change resulting from fossil fuel emissions could create adverse conditions for the forest sector if policy to mitigate the effects of climate change is not actively implemented