The main idea behind the CREEA project was to elaborate economic and environmental accounting principles, building upon decisions and discussions in the London Group, to test them in practical data gathering, and to show added value of having such harmonized data available via case studies. This was  done in the priority areas of waste and resources, water, forest and climate change / Kyoto accounting. The core goal was to identify and solve practical issues in applying the developed accounting principles, and to showcase the relevance of this practical application to policy makers, statistical offices, etc.

In short, the project filled in remaining gaps in System of Environmental and Economic Accounting - SEEA 2012, give guidance into the most effective ways of practical implementation (particularly data gathering), and build a case showing the added value of practically implementing SEEA 2012.

EFI coordinates the Work Package on Forest Accounts, where the main objectives were:

  • Reviewing  the proposed changes in the SEEA 2012, with regards to the previous version of the tables (SEEA 2003), and analysing the usefulness of these changes;
  • Evaluating the completeness of the SEEA 2012 forestry tables, with regards to the stock and flow of all forest goods and services, including non-market goods and services, and proposing options for improvements;
  • Estimating the feasibility of the implementation of the SEEA 2012 in the EU Member States. This aspect will be conducted in collaboration with EU Member States’statistical offices and/or other agencies responsible for the provision of national data on forests and forestry;
  • Estimating the usefulness of the SEEA 2012 data for the development of forest policies or strategies at the national and EU level, and defining the potential improvements;
  • Exploring whether and how existing national data would have to be adopted in order to make them consistent with the proposed SEEA 2012 standards;
  • Proposing procedures that could be applied at the national and/or international level to make the existing data consistent with to the SEEA 2012 requirements;
  • Testing the proposed methodology by data gathering for selected case studies.


  • The Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), the Netherlands
  • Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS), Spain
  • Centre for Environmental Sciences, Leiden University, the Netherlands
  • Dutch Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), the Netherlands
  • Norwegian University of Technology (NTNU), Norway
  • Sweden Statistics (SCB), Sweden
  • Technical University of Twente, the Netherlands
  • Swiss University of Technology (ETH), Switzerland
  • 2.-0 LCA Consultants (2.-0LCA), Denmark
  • Wuppertal Institute (WI), Germany
  • Sustainable Europe Research Institute (SERI), Austria
  • Mediterranean Regional Office – EFIMED

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The project was funded by the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7 2007-2013) under grant agreement no 265134.

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EFI Research Programme / Facility