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Social innovation is recognised for its potential to turn societal challenges into opportunities and develop sustainable solutions for people and nature.

European forests are expanding and becoming denser following the widespread abandonment of farmland and rural areas. Spontaneous forest regrowth provides a cost‐effective opportunity to restore ecosystems, enhance multifunctionality and sustainability and mitigate climate change.

The forest-based sector’s contribution to a bioeconomy depends on policymakers, citizens and consumers, and how they perceive, accept and promote the forest-based value chain and its products and services.

First international assessment of the protection state of mostly ‘untouched’ forests in Europe

Political frameworks and policies have a strong influence on the institutional ecosystem and on governance patterns, which in turn shape the operational space of civil society initiatives.

Sacred forests are an integral component of the mountainous cultural landscape of northern Greece, hypothesised to be the result of both ecological processes and site-specific forest management regimes through strict religious prohibition.

In this paper, we start with the assumption that employee innovativeness cannot be observed without the influence of an intrapreneurial climate. We test this relationship and its effects in public forest enterprises (PFEs). The theoretical framework is based on the intrapreneurship concept.

This article conducts a systematic literature review of journal articles on innovation in forestry and forest-based industries. We include international, English language, peer-reviewed research articles included in the scientific databases Scopus and Web of Science since the 1980s.

This publication is the output of two years of work by the Expert Group on Adaptation of Forests to Climate Change and includes summaries from two Forest Europe workshops that were organized with support of EFI.

The abandonment of agricultural land leads to landscape changes in many parts of Europe, often followed by natural forest regrowth.

Wood is far from being only forest function provided to their owners. Hunting, wild forest product harvesting, exercise, nature watching, relaxation and many other similar functions can be bundled within the concept of cultural ecosystem services.

Innovation actions within European Horizon 2020 (H2020) projects aim at testing research results in practice. When supporting social innovations in rural areas, such testing requires the alignment of several rural actors in order to entail behavioral changes beyond the individual level.

The aim of the European Union Forest Law Enforcement, Governance, and Trade Action Plan and its Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) is to tackle illegal logging and trade in illegal timber, improve forest governance, and foster economic growth in the forest sector.

The original paper From principles to practice in paying for nature’s services, led to a critical response from Esteve Corbera (UAB) and his collaborators (Wells et al.)  who wrote to 

Payments for Environmental Services (PES) constitute an innovative economic intervention to counteract the global loss of biodiversity and ecosystem functions. In theory, some appealing features should enable PES to perform well in achieving conservation and welfare goals.

This open access article provides further insight into how Forest Action Plan was employed by EU Member States—in contrast to the majority of similar articles on the topic, which are primarily concerned with an examination of EU forest-relevant policies by either analyzing the impact of EU decision-making on forestry at the national level or studying EU Member States’ influence on the EU rather than how EU Member States actually react to EU strategies.

Chapter in the UNECE and FAO study - Who owns our forests? Forest ownership in the ECE region


There is a renewed interest in urban gardening in the past decade stimulated by the increased awareness of benefits that it brings to the city, local communities, and individuals.

There is increasing emphasis on innovation as a driver of continued prosperity in the rural economy. Globalisation poses challenges to rural areas given technological advances and intensified competition in agricultural markets, ageing rural populations and expansion of urban areas.

The first EU Forest Strategy was adopted in 1998 to provide general guidelines for an EU forest policy designed to coordinate other EU forest-relevant policies. The implementation of the first strategy was done under the auspices of the EU Forest Action Plan, covering the period from 2007 to 2011.

During the last few years (2016–2019) forestry in Poland has received special attention from domestic and international audiences. In particular, the conflict relating to the Bialowieza Forest in Eastern Poland has been widely covered by the media. Yet there reminds a lack of understanding relating to Polish forestry paradigms.

Integrated forest management (IFM) can help reconcile critical trade-offs between goals in forest management, such as nature conservation and biomass production. The challenge of IFM is dealing with these trade-offs at the level of practical forest management, such as striving for compromises between biomass extraction and habitat retention.

Deforestation represents a significant global challenge, as forest cover worldwide continues to decline. This problem is especially prominent in the tropics and as a result there has been an increase in the efforts to control and reduce deforestation trends.

The importance of a sustainable and circular bioeconomy in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) has been recognized at various political levels. The EU Green Deal is one of the most transformative European political initiatives in recent decades.

Mushrooms, berries and other Non-Wood Forest Products (NWFPs) are an important part of forest recreation, rural income and of cultural heritage. Due to poor data on their collection and use, they are often ignored in forest policy and management decisions, which could impair those livelihoods that depend on NWFPs as an income source.