The main objective of this project was to develop and implement a methodology for the assessment of socio-economic impact of forest fires in Europe and to estimate the economic efficiency of fire management.
Forest fires have been identified as one of the most important threats to forests in Europe, especially in the Mediterranean region. Policy and management measures at different levels are being developed and implemented to minimize the negative economic and social impacts of forest fires. The implementation of such measures requires substantial investment of financial, human and organisational resources. In order to estimate whether investments in forest fire related measures (e.g. prevention) are justified, and to choose the optimal amongst several alternatives (i.e. the combination of investments in fire prevention, fire fighting and amount of wildfire), reliable data is needed on economic impact of forest fires and the economic efficiency of fire management measures. To improve the current situation and to provide useful and reliable information to decision makers, a standardised model for the assessment of economic impacts of forest fires and estimation of economic efficiency of fire management measures needs to be developed.
The main objective of the project was achieved through the following five main tasks:
- Producing a literature review of the assessment of economic impact of forest fires and the efficiency of fire management
- Identifying the cost categories, variables and methods for the assessment of the economic impacts of forest fires and the efficiency of fire management
- Establishing a database for the support of the assessment of economic impact of forest fires and the evaluation of economic efficiency of fire management
- Designing and documenting models for the quantification of the economic impact of forest fires and the evaluation of economic efficiency of fire management
- Developing and implementing the models for the assessment of socio-economic impacts of forest fires, compatible with the EFFIS system.
EFIMED/EFI's main tasks was related to the identification of cost categories, building the database for the support of the assessment models and the development and implementation of the models for the estimation of the socio-economic impacts of forest fires. The geographical scope of the project covers the European Union Member States.