This project was a small consultancy for the MCPFE and it has three objectives. The first objective was to provide an overview on regional political processes, which consider the issue of illegal logging (Africa FLEG, Asia FLEG, G8, WSSD, and others). What are the main findings, including political commitments, legal instruments put in place, and others? The second objective was to provide an overview on existing information, the results of research projects, reports, regulations, etc. in Europe about illegal logging issues. The third objective was to estimate the extent of the problem in Europe, based on existing information.