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Chapter in the UNECE and FAO study - Who owns our forests? Forest ownership in the ECE region

Reference

There is a renewed interest in urban gardening in the past decade stimulated by the increased awareness of benefits that it brings to the city, local communities, and individuals.

There is increasing emphasis on innovation as a driver of continued prosperity in the rural economy. Globalisation poses challenges to rural areas given technological advances and intensified competition in agricultural markets, ageing rural populations and expansion of urban areas.

The first EU Forest Strategy was adopted in 1998 to provide general guidelines for an EU forest policy designed to coordinate other EU forest-relevant policies. The implementation of the first strategy was done under the auspices of the EU Forest Action Plan, covering the period from 2007 to 2011.

The importance of a sustainable and circular bioeconomy in achieving the SDGs has been recognized at various political levels.

Urban Green Infrastructure (UGI) serves both inhabitants’ and visitors’ numerous and various needs. This research aimed to enhance knowledge regarding the role of UGI in urban tourism.

Responding to a number of longstanding challenges such as poverty, wide-ranging inequalities, environmental problems, and migration, requires new and creative responses that are often not provided by traditional governments.

The political and economic transformations that have taken place since the early nineties in the former socialist countries in Europe have significantly influenced reforms of their forestry institutions.

Over the last decade, the term social innovation has received increased attention as a potential solution to address complex global social problems and to add collective values to society.  The forest sector has great potential for fostering employment, community development and reducing increased emigration from rural to urban areas.

The role of non-wood forest products (NWFPs) in industrialised country economies has declined in the past, but they are generating renewed interest as business opportunities.

Non-wood forest products (NWFPs) have often-underestimated economic potential, particularly for family forest owners. Their role and value, however, is changing in the global West and so are the business opportunities and innovation needs associated with them.

Over the last decade, the term social innovation has received increasing attention as a means to address complex global social problems and to add collective values. In earlier innovation research, the term “institutional innovation” was introduced to denote institutional efforts and the role of institutions in successful innovations.

Very recently, social innovation has become a subject of investigation in forest research. Earlier on, social innovation turned into a term used in EU policy strategies for addressing social issues and the self-empowerment of local people, as well as for tackling economic, social, or environmental challenges.

Article concludes that the forest dialogues of these countries, within and between each other, were reinforced by participation in C&I for SFM processes, helping to bridge the gap between decision-makers, national forest agencies, academia and other forest-related stakeholders

The aim of this study is to help build a knowledge base for the review of the EU Forest Strategy that was adopted by the European Commission in 2013. The EU Forest Strategy addresses 8 priority areas that were identified as being particularly relevant for forests and the forest-based sector until 2020.

European forests are now heavily suffering from climate change. Latest reports state that mortality in spruce forests alone will amount to 100 million m³ this year. Furthermore, European forests face challenges with declining biodiversity, but also rising new demands in the so-called bio-economy.

Using the European Union as a case study for the implementation of SFM policy across multiple governance levels in different contexts, we discuss the benefits of adopting an integrated landscape approach with place and space, partnership and sustainability as three pillars

In the urbanizing society faced with the climate change challenge, wood has major potential as a low-carbon and renewable construction material. Yet, Wooden Multi-storey Construction (WMC) remains a niche even in countries with rich forest resources.

Forests play an increasing role in bioeconomy policies, providing the material for bio-based products. However, public opinion regarding forest management in Europe is contested, which is considered a potential drawback for the social license to operate for the forest-based sector.

Innovation ability and its implementation into practice are crucial for the success of enterprises in traditional sectors such as forestry and, in particular, in the context of countries with economies in transition.

This document provides specific concepts, definitions, tools and reference materials to help guide the development process of national Criteria and Indicator (C&I) sets for sustainable forest management (SFM) in the Caucasus and Central Asian countries of the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and Food and Agriculture Organization of

This paper focuses on improving understanding and capacities in the use of forest decision-support (DS) tools for decision making by identifying major forest policy areas, tools available to support them, compatibility

Considering the complex relationships between a sustained production of NWFPs, the use of the available ecological resources, as well as the organizational and the market potential of forest management regimes, we introduce a knowledge-based expert model for supporting NWF