EFISCEN publications




  • Jasinevičius, G., Lindner, M., Verkerk, P.J., Aleinikovas, M., 2017. Assessing Impacts of Wood Utilisation Scenarios for a Lithuanian Bioeconomy: Impacts on Carbon in Forests and Harvested Wood Products and on the Socio-Economic Performance of the Forest-Based Sector . Forests 8. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/f8040133
  • Lindner, M., Dees, M.G., Anttila, P., Verkerk, P.J., Fitzgerald, J., Datta, P., Glavonjic, B., R., P., Zudin, S., 2017. Assessing Lignocellulosic Biomass Potentials From Forests and Industry. In: Panoutsou, C. (Ed.), Modeling and Optimization of Biomass Supply Chains. Top-Down and Bottom-up Assessment for Agricultural, Forest and Waste Feedstock. Academic Press, pp. 127-159.
  • Lotze-Campen, H., Verburg, P.H., Popp, A., Lindner, M., Verkerk, P.J., Moiseyev, A., Schrammeijer, E., Helming, J., Tabeau, A., Schulp, C.J.E., van der Zanden, E.H., Lavalle, C., e Silva, F.B., Walz, A., Bodirsky, B., 2017. A cross-scale impact assessment of European nature protection policies under contrasting future socio-economic pathways . Regional Environmental Change, 1-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10113-017-1167-8
  • Mouchet, M.A. , Paracchini, M.L., Schulp, C.J.E., Stürck, J., Verkerk, P.J., Verburg, P.H., Lavorel, S., 2017. Bundles of ecosystem (dis)services and multifunctionality across European landscapes . Ecological Indicators 73, 23-28. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.09.026
  • Mouchet, M.A., Rega, C., Lasseur, R., Georges, D., Paracchini, M.-L., Renaud, J., Stürck, J., Schulp, C.J.E., Verburg, P.H., Verkerk, P.J., Lavorel, S., 2017. Ecosystem service supply by European landscapes under alternative land-use and environmental policies. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management, 1-13.
  • Prins A.G., Pouwels R., Clement J., Hendriks H., de Knegt B., Petz K., Beusen A., Farjon H., van Hinsberg A., Janse J., Knol O., van Puijenbroek P., Schelhaas MJ. and van Tol S. (2017). Perspectives on the future of nature in Europe: impacts and combinations. PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague. PBL publication number: 1784 http://www.pbl.nl/sites/default/files/cms/publicaties/Perspectives%20on%20the%20future%20of%20nature%20in%20Europe_1784.pdf
  • Schelhaas, M.-J., Nabuurs, G.-J., Verkerk, P.J., Hengeveld, G., Packalen, T., Sallnäs, O., Pilli, R., Grassi, G., Forsell, N., Frank, S., Gusti, M., Havlik, P., 2017. Forest Resource Projection Tools at the European Level. In: Barreiro, S., Schelhaas, M.-J., McRoberts, R.E., Kändler, G. (Eds.), Forest Inventory-based Projection Systems for Wood and Biomass Availability. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 49-68.
  • Van der Zanden , E.H., Verburg, P.H., Schulp, C.J.E., Verkerk, P.J., 2017. Trade-offs of European agricultural abandonment. Land Use Policy 62, 290-301. DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.01.003


  • Katalin Petz, Catharina J.E. Schulp, Emma H. van der Zanden, Clara Veerkamp, Mart-Jan Schelhaas, Gert-Jan Nabuurs, Geerten Hengeveld, 2016 Indicators and modelling of land use, land management and ecosystem services. Methodological documentation Nature Outlook. PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency. PBL publication number: 2386 http://www.pbl.nl/sites/default/files/cms/publicaties/pbl-2016-Indicators-and-modelling-of-land-use-land-management-and-ecosystem-services-2386.pdf
  • Verkerk, P.J., Lindner, M., Pérez-Soba, M., Paterson, J.S., Helming, J., Verburg, P.H., Kuemmerle, T., Lotze-Campen, H., Moiseyev, A., Müller, D., Popp, A., Schulp, C.J.E., Stürck, J., Tabeau, A., Wolfslehner, B., van der Zanden, E.H. Identifying pathways to visions of future land use in Europe. Regional Environmental Change, 1-14. Available online.
  • Verkerk P.J., Schelhaas M.J., Immonen V., Hengeveld G., Kiljunen J., Lindner M., Nabuurs G.J., Suominen T., Zudin S. (2016) Manual for the European Forest Information Scenario model (EFISCEN 4.1). EFI Technical Report 99. European Forest Institute. 49 p.


  • Crouzat, E., Mouchet, M., Turkelboom, F., Byczek, C., Meersmans, J., Berger, F., Verkerk, P.J., Lavorel, S. (2015). Assessing bundles of ecosystem services from regional to landscape scale: insights from the French Alps. Journal of Applied Ecology.
  • Schelhaas, M.-J., Nabuurs, G.-J., Hengeveld, G., Reyer, C., Hanewinkel, M., Zimmermann, N., Cullmann, D., 2015. Alternative forest management strategies to account for climate change-induced productivity and species suitability changes in Europe. Regional Environmental Change 15, 1581-1594.
  • Stürck, J., Levers, C., van der Zanden, E., Schulp, C.J.E., Verkerk, P.J., Kuemmerle, T., Helming, J., Lotze-Campen, H., Tabeau, A., Popp, A., Schrammeijer, E., Verburg, P. (2015). Simulating and delineating future land change trajectories across Europe. Regional Environmental Change, 1-17.
  • Verkerk P.J. (2015). Assessing impacts of intensified biomass removal and biodiversity protection on European forests. Dissertationes Forestales 197. 50 p.


  • Nabuurs, G.-J., Schelhaas, M.-J., Orazio, C., Hengeveld, G., Tome, M., Farrell, E., 2014. European perspective on the development of planted forests, including projections to 2065. N.Z. j. of For. Sci. 44, 1-7.
  • Nabuurs, G.-J., Schelhaas, M.-J., Hendriks, K., Hengeveld, G., (2014). Can European forests meet the demands of the bio-economy in the future? Wood supply alongside environmental services. In: Forests and globalizations: Challenges and opportunities for sustainable development. Innes, J., Nikolakis, W. (eds.) The Earthscan Forest Library, Routledge, p. 153 - 165.
  • Seidl, R., Schelhaas, M.-J., Rammer, W., Verkerk, P.J., 2014. Increasing forest disturbances in Europe and their impact on carbon storage. Nature Climate Change 4, 806-810.
  • Verkerk, P.J., Mavsar, R., Giergiczny, M., Lindner, M., Edwards, D., Schelhaas, M.J., 2014. Assessing impacts of intensified biomass production and biodiversity protection on ecosystem services provided by European forests. Ecosystem Services 9, 155-165.


  • Groen, T.A., Verkerk, P.J., Böttcher, H., Grassi, G., Cienciala, E., Black, K.G., Fortin, M., Köthke, M., Lehtonen, A., Nabuurs, G.-J., Petrova, L. & Blujdea, V. (2013) What causes differences between national estimates of forest management carbon emissions and removals compared to estimates of large-scale models? Environmental Science & Policy, 33, 222-23
  • Cameron, D.R., Van Oijen, M., Werner, C., Butterbach-Bahl, K., Haas, E., Heuvelink, G.B.M., Grote, R., Kiese, R., Kuhnert, M., Kros, J., Leip, A., Reinds, G.J., Reuter, H.I., Schelhaas, M.J., De Vries, W., Yeluripati, J. 2013. Environmental change impacts on the C- and N-cycle of European forests: a model comparison study. Biogeosciences 10: 1751-1773. doi:10.5194/bg-10-1751-2013
  • Hanewinkel, M., Cullmann, D.A., Schelhaas, M.-J., Nabuurs, G.-J., Zimmermann, N.E., 2013. Climate change may cause severe loss in the economic value of European forest land. Nature Climate Change 3: 203-207. doi:10.1038/nclimate1687


  • Böttcher, H., Verkerk, P.J., Gusti, M., Havlík, P., Grassi, G. 2012. Projection of the future EU forest CO2 sink as affected by recent bioenergy policies using two advanced forest management models. GCB Bioenergy 4(6): 773-783. doi:10.1111/j.1757-1707.2011.01152.x
  • Elbersen, B., Staritsky, I., Hengeveld, G.M., Schelhaas, M.J., Böttcher, H., 2012. Atlas of EU biomass potentials. Deliverable 3.3: Spatially detailed and quantified overview of EU biomass potential taking into account the main criteria determining biomass availability from different sources. Biomass Futures Project.
  • Forsström, J., Pingoud, K., Pohjola, J., Vilén, T., Valsta, L., Verkerk, H., 2012. Wood-based biodiesel in Finland. Market-mediated impacts on emissions and costs. VTT Technology 7, Espoo, p. 47. http://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/technology/2012/T7.pdf
  • Luyssaert, S., Abril, G., Andres, R., Bastviken, D., Bellassen, V., Bergamaschi, P., Bousquet, P., Chevallier, F., Ciais, P., Corazza, M., Dechow, R., Erb, K.H., Etiope, G., Fortems-Cheiney, A., Grassi, G., Hartmann, J., Jung, M., Lathière, J., Lohila, A., Mayorga, E., Moosdorf, N., Njakou, D.S., Otto, J., Papale, D., Peters, W., Peylin, P., Raymond, P., Rödenbeck, C., Saarnio, S., Schulze, E.D., Szopa, S., Thompson, R., Verkerk, P.J., Vuichard, N., Wang, R., Wattenbach, M., Zaehle, S., 2012. The European land and inland water CO2, CO, CH4 and N2O balance between 2001 and 2005. Biogeosciences 9, 3357-3380. doi:10.5194/bg-9-3357-2012
  • Robinet, C., Lansink, A.G.J.M.O., 2012. Framework for Modelling Economic Impacts of Invasive Species, Applied to Pine Wood Nematode in Europe. PLoS ONE 7, e45505. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0045505



  • Kujanpää, M., Eggers, J., Verkerk, H., Helin, T., Lindner, M., Wessman, H. 2010. Carbon balance of forest residue collection and combustion in southern-Finland. 18th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, Lyon. France, pp. 1575-1579.
  • Mantau, U., Saal, U., Prins, K., Steierer, F., Lindner, M., Verkerk, H., Eggers, J., Leek, N., Oldenburger, J., Asikainen, A. and Anttila, P., 2010. EUwood - Real potential for changes in growth and use of EU forests. Final report to the European Commission DG TREN. University of Hamburg, Hamburg. http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/studies/doc/bioenergy/euwood_final_report.pdf
  • Schelhaas, M.-J., Hengeveld, G., Moriondo, M., Reinds, G.J., Kundzewicz, Z.W., ter Maat, H., Bindi, M. 2010. Assessing risk and adaptation options to fires and windstorms in European forestry. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 15(7): 681-701. doi:10.1007/s11027-010-9243-0
  • Tupek, B., Zanchi, G., Verkerk, P.J., Churkina, G., Viovy, N., Hughes, J.K., Lindner, M. 2010. A comparison of alternative modelling approaches to evaluate the European forest carbon fluxes. Forest Ecology and Management 260(3): 241-251. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2010.01.045


  • Pussinen, A., Nabuurs, G.J., Wieggers, H.J.J., Reinds, G.J., Wamelink, G.W.W., Kros, J., Mol-Dijkstra, J.P., de Vries, W. 2009. Modelling long-term impacts of environmental change on mid- and high-latitude European forests and options for adaptive forest management. Forest Ecology and Management 258(8): 1806-1813. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2009.04.007
  • Seidl, R., Schelhaas, M.-J., Lindner, M., Lexer, M.J. 2009. Modelling bark beetle disturbances in a large scale forest scenario model to assess climate change impacts and evaluate adaptive management strategies. Regional Environmental Change 9(2): 101-119. doi:10.1007/s10113-008-0068-2


  • Cienciala, E., Exnerová, Z., Schelhaas, M.-J. 2008. Development of forest carbon stock and wood production in the Czech Republic until 2060. Annals of Forest Science 65(6): 603-603. doi:10.1051/forest:2008043
  • Eggers, J., Lindner, M., Zudin, S., Zaehle, S., Liski, J. 2008. Impact of changing wood demand, climate and land use on European forest resources and carbon stocks during the 21st century. Global Change Biology 14(10): 2288-2303. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01653.x
  • Fürstenau, C., Badeck, F.W., Lasch, P., Rock, J., Verkerk, P.J. 2008. Effect of material and energy substitution on the effective source/sink function of managed forests. In: Fürstenau, C. The impact of silvicultural strategies and climate change on carbon sequestration and other forest ecosystem functions. Dissertation. Institut für Geoökologie und Potsdam Institut für Klimafolgenforschung, Jena. pp. 77-100. http://opus.kobv.de/ubp/volltexte/2009/2765/pdf/fuerstenau_diss.pdf
  • Jansson, T., Bakker, M., Boitier, B., Fougeyrollas, A., Helming, J., van Meijl, H., Verkerk, P.J. 2008. Cross sector land use modelling framework. In: Helming, K.; Tabbush, P. and M. Perez-Soba (Eds.). Sustainability Impact Assessment of land use policies. Springer-Verlag Berlin. pp. 159-180. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-78648-1_9
  • Petit, S., Vinther, F.P., Verkerk, P.J., Firbank, L.G., Halberg, N., Dalgaard, T., Kjeldsen, C., Lindner, M., Zudin, S. 2008. Indicators for environmental impacts of land use changes. In: Helming, K.; Tabbush, P. and M. Perez-Soba (Eds.). Sustainability Impact Assessment of land use policies. Springer-Verlag Berlin. pp. 305-324. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-78648-1_16


  • Nabuurs, G.J., Pussinen, A., van Brusselen, J., Schelhaas, M.J. 2007. Future harvesting pressure on European forests. European Journal of Forest Research 126(3): 391-400. doi:10.1007/s10342-006-0158-y
  • Schelhaas, M.J., Eggers, J., Lindner, M., Nabuurs, G.J., Pussinen, A., Päivinen, R., Schuck, A., Verkerk, P.J., van der Werf, D.C., Zudin, S. 2007. Model documentation for the European Forest Information Scenario model (EFISCEN 3.1.3). Alterra rapport 1559. EFI Technical Report 26.


  • Nabuurs, G.J., Schuck, A., Verkerk, H., Zudin, S., Schelhaas, M.J., Lindner, M., Bianchi, F., van Brusselen, J., Mohren, F. 2006. Next Generation Tools for Analyzing European Scale Forest Resources. EFI News 1/2006: 10-11.
  • Schelhaas, M.J., van Brusselen, J., Pussinen, A., Pesonen, E., Schuck, A., Nabuurs, G.J., Sasse, V. 2006. Outlook for the development of European forest resources. A study prepared for the European Forest Sector Outlook Study (EFSOS). Geneva Timber and Forest Discussion Paper ECE/TIM/DP/41. UN-ECE, Geneva. EFSOS web-page.
  • Thürig, E., Schelhaas, M.J. 2006. Evaluation of a large-scale forest scenario model in heterogeneous forests: A case study for Switzerland. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36(3): 671-683. doi:10.1139/X05-283
  • Verkerk, P.J., Eggers, J., Lindner, M., Korotkov, V.N. and Zudin, S. 2006. Impact of wood demand and management regime on forest development and carbon stocks in Kostroma region. Proceedings of the international scientific conference on modern problems of sustainable forest management, inventory and monitoring of forests. St. Petersburg, 29-30 November 2006. Pp 370-379.


  • Kellomäki, S., Leinonen, S. (Eds.) 2005. Management of European Forests Under Changing Climatic Conditions. Final Report of the Project "Silvicultural Strategies to Climatic Change in Management of European Forests (SilviStrat)". Tiedonantoja/Research Notes No. 163. University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry. 427 p. SilviStrat final report.
  • Lehikoinen, N. 2005. Forest management induced changes of the structure of regional forest resources derived from inventory data and modelling. Thesis North Karelia Polytechnic, Degree Programme in Forestry, MMNS01. 89 p.
  • Meyer, J. 2005. Fire effects on forest resource development in the French Mediterranean region - projections with a large-scale forest scenario model. Technical Report 16. European Forest Institute, Joensuu Finland. 86 p.
  • Verkerk. P.J. 2005. Impact of wood demand and forest management on forest development and carbon stocks in Kostroma region, Russia : traineeship report. Wageningen Universiteit, Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group. 31 p.


  • Lindner, M., Meyer, J., Pussinen, A., Liski, J., Zaehle, S., Lapveteläinen T. and Heikkinen E. 2004. Forest resource development in Europe under changing climate. In: Hasenauer, H. and Mäkelä, A. (Eds.). Modeling Forest Production - Scientific tools, data needs and sources, validation and application. Proceedings of the International Conference held in Vienna, Austria, 19- 21 April 2004. Department of Forest- and Soil Sciences, BOKU University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna. Pp. 244-251.
  • Schelhaas, M.J., Cerny, M., Buksha, I.F., Cienciala, E., Csoka, P., Karjalainen, T., Kolozs, L., Nabuurs, G.J., Pasternak, V., Pussinen, A., Sodor, M., Wawrzoniak, J. 2004. Scenarios on forest management in Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Ukraine. European Forest Institute Research Report 17. Brill. Leiden, Boston, Kölln. 107 p.


  • Karjalainen, T., Pussinen, A., Liski, J., Nabuurs, G.J., Eggers, T., Lapvetelainen, T., Kaipainen, T. 2003. Scenario analysis of the impacts of forest management and climate change on the European forest sector carbon budget. Forest Policy and Economics 5: 141-155. doi:10.1016/S1389-9341(03)00021-2
  • Mohren, G.M.J. 2003. Large scale scenario analyses in forest ecology and management. Forest Policy and Economics 5: 103-110. doi:10.1016/S1389-9341(03)00016-9
  • Nabuurs, G.J., Päivinen, R., Pussinen, A., Schelhaas, M.J. 2003. Development of European Forests until 2050: European Forest Institute Research Report 15. Brill, Leiden - Boston.
  • Nabuurs, G.J., Schelhaas, M.J., Ouwehand, A., Pussinen, A., van Brusselen, J., Pesonen, E., Schuck, A., Jans, M.F.F.W., Kuiper, L. 2003. Future wood supply from European forests. Implications to the pulp and paper industry. Alterra rapport 927. Alterra, Green World Research, Wageningen. 147 p.


  • Dolstra, F. 2002. Simulating growth and development of the German forest: a large-scale scenario study incorporating the impact of natural disturbances and climate change. Afstudeerverslag Wageningen University, Environmental Sciences. 29 p.
  • Eggers, T. 2002. The Impacts of Manufacturing and Utilisation of Wood Products on the European Carbon Budget. Internal Report 9, European Forest Institute, Joensuu, Finland. 90 p.
  • Karjalainen, T., Pussinen, A., Liski, J., Nabuurs, G.J., Erhard, M., Eggers, T., Sonntag, M., Mohren, G.M.J. 2002. An approach towards an estimate of the impact of forest management and climate change on the European forest sector carbon budget: Germany as a case study. Forest Ecology and Management 162: 87-103. doi:10.1016/S0378-1127(02)00052-X
  • Nabuurs, G.J., de Goede, D., Michie, B., Schelhaas, M.J., Wesseling, J.G. 2002. Long term international impacts of nature oriented forest management on European forests - an assessment with the EFISCEN model. Journal of World Forest Resource Management 9: 101-129.
  • Nabuurs, G.J., Pussinen, A., Karjalainen, T., Erhard, M., Kramer, K. 2002. Stemwood volume increment changes in European forests due to climate change-a simulation study with the EFISCEN model. Global Change Biology 8: 304-316. doi:10.1046/j.1354-1013.2001.00470.x
  • Rooze, I. 2002. The spatial dimension in large scale forestry scenario models. Wageningen University MSc thesis. 68 p.
  • Schelhaas, M.J., Nabuurs, G.J., Sonntag, M., Pussinen, A. 2002. Adding natural disturbances to a large-scale forest scenario model and a case study for Switzerland. Forest Ecology and Management 167: 13-26. doi:10.1016/S0378-1127(01)00685-5


  • Nabuurs, G.J. 2001. European forests in the 21st century: impacts of nature-oriented forest management assessed with a large scale scenario model. PhD Thesis University of Joensuu. European Forest Institute and Alterra, Joensuu and Wageningen, 130 p.
  • Nabuurs, G.J., Päivinen, R., Schanz, H. 2001. Sustainable management regimes for Europe's forests -- a projection with EFISCEN until 2050. Forest Policy and Economics 3: 155-173. doi:10.1016/S1389-9341(01)00058-2
  • Nabuurs, G.J., Päivinen, R., Schelhaas, M.J., Pussinen, A., Verkaik, E., Lioubimov, A., Mohren, G.M.J. 2001. Nature-Oriented Forest Management in Europe: Modeling the Long-Term Effects. Journal of Forestry 99(7): 28-33.
  • Nabuurs, G.J., Pussinen, A., Liski, J., Karjalainen, T. 2001. Upscaling based on forest inventory data and EFISCEN. In: Kramer K., Mohren, G.M.J. (Eds.), Long term effects of climate change on carbon budgets of forests in Europe. Alterra rapport 194. Alterra, Green World Research, Wageningen. Pp. 220-234.
  • Nabuurs, G.J., Pussinen, A., Liski, J., Karjalainen, T. 2001. Forest inventory-based approach. In: Kramer, K., Mohren, G.M.J. (Eds.), Long-term effects of climate change on carbon budgets of forests in Europe. Alterra rapport 194. Alterra, Green World Research, Wageningen. Pp. 111-121.
  • Pussinen, A., Schelhaas, M.J., Verkaik, E., Heikkinen, E., Päivinen, R., Nabuurs, G.J. 2001. Manual for the European Forest Information Scenario Model (EFISCEN); version 2.0. EFI Internal Report 5. European Forest Institute. Joensuu, Finland.


  • de Goede, D. 2000. Between fear and hope. A scenario study into the long term international consequences of a changing forest management in western and central European countries. MSc thesis Wageningen University, AV2000-32.
  • Nabuurs, G.J., Lioubimov, A.V. 2000. Future development of the Leningrad region forests under nature-oriented forest management. Forest Ecology and Management 130: 235-251. doi:10.1016/S0378-1127(99)00179-6
  • Nabuurs, G.J., Schelhaas, M.J., Pussinen, A. 2000. Validation of the European forest information scenario model (EFISCEN) and a projection of Finnish forests. Silva Fennica 34: 167-179.
  • Verkaik, E., Nabuurs, G.J. 2000. Wood Production Potentials of Fenno-Scandinavian Forests Under Nature-Orientated Management. Scandinavian Journal for Forest Research 15: 445-454. doi:10.1080/028275800750172673


  • Nabuurs, G.-J. and Moiseyev, A. 1999. Consequences of accelerated growth for the forests and forest sector in Germany. In: Karjalainen, T., Spiecker, H. and Laroussinie, O. (Eds.). Causes and Consequences of Accelerating Tree Growth in Europe Eds. EFI Proceedings No. 27. European Forest Institute, Joensuu, Finland. Pp. 197-206.
  • Päivinen, R., Nabuurs, G.J., Lioubimov, A.V., Kuusela, K. 1999. The State, Utilisation and Possible Future Developments of Leningrad Region Forests. Working Paper 18, European Forest Institute, Joensuu, Finland. 58 p.
  • Schelhaas, M.J., Varis, S., Schuck, A., Nabuurs, G.J. 1999. EFISCEN's European Forest Resource, European Forest Institute, Joensuu, Finland.
  • Lioubimow, A., Kudriashov, V., Nabuurs, G.J., Päivinen, R., Tetioukhine, S., Kuusela, K. 1998. Leningrad region forests, past and future development. St. Petersburg Forest Technical Academy, St Petersburg in cooperation with Forest Committee of Leningrad Region and European Forest Institute, Joensuu, Finland. (In Russian).
  • Nabuurs, G.J., Päivinen, R., Sallnäs, O., Kupka, I. 1997. A large scale forestry scenario model as a planning tool for European forests. In: Moiseev, N.A., von Gadow, K. and Krott, M. (Eds.). Planning and decision making for forest management in the market economy. IUFRO conference, Pushkino, Moscow. 25-29 September 1996. Cuvillier Verlag, Göttingen. p. 89-102.
  • Schelhaas, M.J. 1997. A forest resource projection for the Spanish forest inventory: report of a practical period at the IBN-DLO Institute. Wageningen Agricultural University, Department of Forestry. 77 p.
  • Nabuurs, G.J., Päivinen, R. 1996. Large Scale Forestry Scenario Models - a Compilation and Review. Working Paper 10. European Forest Institute, Joensuu, Finland. 174 p.
  • Sallnäs, O. 1996. The IIASA-model for analysis of harvest potentials. EFI Proceedings 5. Seminar and summer school on 'Large scale forestry scenario models' held in Joensuu, Finland. 15-22 June 1995. European Forest Institute pp 19-30.


Contact information: efiscen@efi.int