A huge variety of global forest governance initiatives exists today. All of them follow distinct rationales of how forest governance should operate. These initiatives have, however, not been able to reverse trends of deforestation and forest degradation in the tropics, despite this being the main objective for many of them. Existing instruments like REDD+ and FLEGT are facing major obstacles throughout the design and implementation process.
Forests, cornerstone of the EU economy (42% of EU land) and source of multiple social and environmental benefits,
LULUCF support - Technical Support for capacity building in Member States to implement Forest Reference Levels and improvements of greenhouse gas inventories
The aim of the project is to provide bilateral technical support to specific Member States in the preparation of the national forest action plans and forest reference levels. Through a capacity building objective, EFI will provide technical support and help two Member States to identify technical solutions and practical approaches that they can use to develop their FRLs, as well as help to strengthen the capacity within the Member States for undertaking the requirements of the new Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) Regulation.
SPONFOREST - Unravelling the potential of spontaneousforest establishment for improving ecosystem functions and services in dynamic landscapes
The EU Biodiversity Strategy 2020 aims to establish green infrastructures and to restore at least 15% of degraded ecosystems until 2020. Forests play a key role to reach these aims. While European policy strongly supports the afforestation of former farmlands, it has to date largely neglected opportunities for passive landscape restoration. Spontaneous forest establishment is occurring in many parts of Europe following the widespread abandonment of agricultural land use.
RECOGNITION - Relationships Between Recent Changes of Growth and Nutrition of Norway Spruce, Scots Pine and European Beech Forests in Europe
The first objective of this FAIR project (CT98-4124) is to identify the potential causes of recent growth trends in European forests and to investigate their interactions with focus on the relative importance of nutrients (primarily nitrogen and CO2), climate (primarily temperature and precipitation) and land-use changes. The second objective is to focus on growth analyses on selected sites where conditions and availability of historical data allow testing of specific hypotheses about the causes of changes in site productivity.
Northern ToSIA - Assessing Sustainability of Forest-based Activities in Rural Areas of the Northern Periphery
The aim of the project is to investigate options for improving the sustainable use of forest resources in selected regions of the Northern Periphery Programme (NPP) area in Finland, Sweden, Scotland and Norway by using an innovative sustainability impact assessment tool, ToSIA. ToSIA stands for Tool for Sustainability Impact Assessment of the Forest Wood Chain and it analyses the sustainability of production processes in the Forest Wood Chain in terms of social, economic and environmental sustainability indicators.